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Functional Insulin Therapy

Functional insulin therapy (FIT) is a therapeutic education model that enables people living with Type 1 diabetes to understand their insulin needs and to personalize their treatment according to their lifestyle, diet and activities.

Functional insulin therapy includes taking long-acting insulin (basal), known as “insulin for life”, which must be administered daily to meet the body’s vital needs. Additionally, people with Type 1 diabetes need to administer fast-acting insulin at each meal (bolus). They learn to determine the amount of insulin needed in proportion to the amount of carbohydrate consumed at each meal.  

Finally, functional insulin therapy makes it possible to correct hyperglycemia by injecting a corrective dose of insulin to stabilize blood sugar levels.

Insulin can be administered by pump, pen, or syringe.