Carbohydrates (or carbs) is an umbrella term incorporating the various types of sugars.

There are two main types of carbohydrates:

  • simple carbohydrates: glucose, fructose, sucrose, galactose, lactose, maltose, etc., also known as “fast acting carbs.” This means they have a high glycemic index and quickly increase the level of glucose in the blood.
  • complex carbohydrates: amylopectin, amylose, cellulose… also referred to as “slow acting carbs.” These sugars have a low glycemic index, which means they gradually increase the level of glucose in the blood. Starches (pasta, semolina, etc.) contain complex carbohydrates.

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