An umbrella term incorporating the various types of sugars.
There are two main types of carbohydrates:
- simple carbohydrates: glucose, fructose, sucrose, galactose, lactose, maltose, etc., also known as “fast acting carbs.” This means they have a high glycemic index and quickly increase the level of glucose in the blood.
- complex carbohydrates: amylopectin, amylose, cellulose…also referred to as “slow acting carbs.” These sugars have a low glycemic index, which means they gradually increase the level of glucose in the blood. Starches (pasta, semolina, etc.) contain complex carbohydrates.