Ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes. 

How does it affect the body?

The body needs insulin to help cells absorb sugar and provide them with the energy they need to function properly. In the case of ketoacidosis, a lack of insulin leads to sugar remaining in the bloodstream. During ketoacidosis, the body is on alert and searches for another source of energy to supply its cells. It finds this source of energy in fat. The body “forces” fat to convert to a source of energy. However, while converting to energy, the fat breaks down and produces ketones, which acidify the blood. This is known as ketoacidosis.

What are the dangers associated with ketoacidosis?

Ketoacidosis can lead to a diabetic coma or even be fatal in some cases if left untreated. 

What are the possible causes of ketoacidosis?

  • hyperglycemia
  • hypoglycemia during the night
  • infection
  • dehydration
  • lack of food intake due to an illness

What are the symptoms?

  • always feeling thirsty (polydipsia)
  • frequent and excessive urination (polyuria)
  • fruity breath hyperglycemia 
  • cramps during the night 
  • nausea or vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • abdominal pain

How do you prevent ketoacidosis?

  • Stay hydrated
  • Carefully follow your treatment plan and stick to the dose of insulin prescribed by your doctor

Feeling unsure about your condition? Call your doctor immediately!