How does diabetes impact the world? Globally, diabetes affects more than 420 million people, with an average of 10% living with Type 1 diabetes and 90 % with Type 2 diabetes. One in 11 adults worldwide is affected by diabetes, whether diagnosed or considered to have “pre- diabetes.” The number of people with diabetes has quadrupled in the last 30 years, disproportionately growing in low- and middle-income countries. Are you ready for an overview?
Diabetes has taken hold of the world
Western Europe is not representative
In Europe, 64 million people live with diabetes, of which 3.3 million are in France and 6 million are in Germany, representing 7.3% of the European population.
The prevalence of diabetes in France, estimated at 5%, continues to increase, even though a slowdown in the progression of the disease has been documented. The prevalence of diabetes in Germany is estimated at 7.4%.
Africa, a growing problem with diabetes
An estimated 25 million Africans live with diabetes, representing 7.1% of the total African population. However, this figure should be put into perspective, as many Africans are undiagnosed.
An increase of 140% is forecast over the next 30 years, rising to 34.2 million adults affected by diabetes in 2040.
What is the situation on both sides of the Pacific?
There are more than 62 million people living with diabetes in the Americas as a whole, with a prevalence of 8.3%.
In the United States, an estimated 30 million people are living with this chronic disease. An estimated 1.5 million new cases are diagnosed every year.
In line with the United States, Oceania has the same prevalence, with 131 million people who have diabetes.
Asia, similarly, with 8.6% of the population affected by diabetes, is not doing very well. In recent years, China has even overtaken the United States in raw number of diagnosed cases. More than 12% of the Chinese population is said to be living with the disease.
The Mediterranean countries are struggling!
Mediterranean countries have the highest rates of prevalence. Even if (only) 43 million people living with diabetes have been identified, which is lower than all European countries, the prevalence is 13.7%. Over the last 30 years, it has increased by 8% and is expected to continue to rise.
Diabetes continues to spread, but it is being better managed
In 2013, 5.2 million deaths worldwide were estimated to be associated with diabetes: 1.5 million directly related to this chronic disease and 3.7 million related to the complications of diabetes.
In Europe, 620,000 people died from diabetes or from its complications. In Germany, the number of deaths related to diabetes or its complications is higher than the global average and accounts for 21% of overall mortality, of which 16% is related to Type 2 diabetes or its complications.
In the United States, diabetes or its complications is the seventh leading cause of death.
Deaths associated with diabetes occur predominantly in low-and middle-income countries, due to late diagnosis or limited access to treatment.
It is important to note that the mortality rate from diabetes is on the decline, although the number of people diagnosed with the disease is increasing. One of the reasons for this slowdown is screening and improved access to care and treatment for diabetes and its complications.
Definitions et sources
WHO – https://www.who.int/fr
INSERM – https://www.inserm.fr/
French Federation of Diabetics – https://www.federationdesdiabetiques.org/
French National Health Service – https://www.santepubliquefrance.fr/
German Diabetes Association – https://diabetesinformationsdienst.de/
NGO for the fight against diabetes in Africa – https://santediabete.org/le-diabete/
France Info – https://www.francetvinfo.fr/sante/